State spending on corrections
grew to $35.6
billion in 2006, a 10% increase over 2005 spending levels. This
level of increase was higher than state growth in education or Medicaid
and is due in large part to overcrowding, high rates of repeat offenses,
or recidivism, and correctional employee health costs.
response, states are putting more funding behind rehabilitation
programs, efforts to prevent recidivism, and reforming sentencing guidelines
to make the time better fit the crime.
With nearly 650,000 people released from state and federal prison every
year, programs need to be available to support reentry into
society. Faced with a shortage of members, the building-trades unions of
recruiting for apprenticeship programs in communities of color where many
young men have criminal pasts.
Nearly 650,000 people are released
from state and federal prison every year, with larger numbers
reentering communities from local jails. Over 50 percent of those
released from incarceration are sent back to prison for a parole
violation or new crime within 3 years.
An innovative correction reform program is currently underway in Alabama to decrease the number of long prison sentences. The Pew Charitable Trusts' Public Safety Performance Project and the Vera Institute of Justice teamed together to implement a four year project
that supports in-depth research and education for policymakers and the
public to help states increase public safety, manage corrections
spending, and hold offenders accountable. Alabama is the first of eight
states to implement the pilot program.