Although the General Assembly met this year in regular session from January-April, the session was overshadowed by negotiations over how to resolve a $1.5 billion budget gap in 2011 and 2012. Governor Steve Beshear’s initial proposal to close the shortfall relied heavily on new revenue from the expansion of gaming. The House agreed to support the increase in gaming revenue, but Senate leadership refused to consider it. A State Budget Director report shows that April 2010 revenues were lower than in April 2009, suggesting that the projected deficit could be growing — a gap that will be increasingly difficult to control without new sources of revenue . Both houses issued their own budget bills, but were unable to come to agreement, and the legislative session ended on April 15 without a budget .
On May 12, Governor Beshear issued a revised budget  proposal incorporating elements of the House and Senate versions. The new budget includes spending cuts  of 3.5% in 2011 and 4.5% in 2012. The General Assembly will meet in special session, beginning May 24. There has been much attention on the $63,000/day  cost of the special session, so Assembly leaders and the Governor wanted to make sure an agreement on the budget was in place to limit the special session to the minimum length of five days.
As of this writing, Governor Beshear has not formally issued the special session order, but said he expects to add transportation plans  for 2011-2016 to the agenda. These items could still be contentious. House leadership has said that, while the House approved $300 million in bonds for transportation in the Governor’s original plan, members may be less receptive to it now that funding for most other construction projects has been cut. Also, the House may object to the full $2 billion transportation plan for 2013-2016 proposed by the Senate.
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives: In 2008, the General Assembly enacted a law (HB 2 ) creating a package of tax incentives for renewable energy and efficiency projects. However, the state has not been able to implement the programs due to a legal challenge based on the fact that it was passed after midnight on the last day of the legislative session. This year, the General Assembly passed HB240 , which repeals and reenacts HB2 as a way to settle the legal dispute and enable the state to make real progress in reducing global warming pollution and bring down energy costs. The law’s major provisions include:
- Creating the Energy Efficiency Program for State Buildings, with a provision allowing the program to move forward with low-cost/no-cost projects (based on projected energy cost savings) when appropriations are not available in a given budget year.
- Requiring that all public buildings for which 50% or more of the financing is provided by the Commonwealth meet “high-performance building” standards set by the Finance and Administration Cabinet.
- Creating the High-Performance Buildings Advisory Committee to inform the Finance and Administration Cabinet’s standards for “high efficiency buildings,” incorporating LEED, Green Globe, EnergyStar, and other recognized benchmarks and taking into account guidelines issued by organizations such as the U.S. Green Buildings Council, and the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.
- Requiring best practices in the field of energy efficient construction, such as utilizing life-cycle cost analyses for in developing construction plans for public buildings.
- Implementing reporting requirements that ensure transparency and make the program’s reports measurable.
- Making tax credits available for certain energy efficiency improvements, at 30% of cost. The law limits future state liability under the program by capping the maximum credit at $500 for single-family residences and $1,000 for multi-family and commercial buildings
- Creating an energy technology career track program to be organized by the state's Department of Education and the Department for Workforce Investment.
- Empowering the Public Service Commission to evaluate energy conservation programs (or “demand-side management plans”) proposed by public utilities, including cost-recovery mechanisms funded through charges to ratepayers
- Creating a Center for Renewable Energy Research and Environmental Stewardship to provide leadership, research, policy, and technical assistance to advance the state’s renewable energy and efficiency goals.
- Creating the Kentucky Bluegrass Turns Green Program to provide funding to and to guide the development of public and private sector demand-side management programs.
Natural Gas Deregulation: HJR141  directs the Legislative Research Commission to open a case on retail competition in natural gas supply. Advocates have warned that the state should proceed cautiously in considering deregulation of natural gas because of evidence showing the likelihood that consumers’ energy costs will rise rather than decline. Of particular note is a pilot competition program in Columbia Gas service territory. During the program’s first eight years, consumers who have participated have paid $4.45 million dollars more in gas costs over and above what they would have paid had they chosen to remain with Columbia Gas.
Setting Livestock and Poultry Care Standards: As originally filed, SB105  would have preempted local ordinances defining certain industrial livestock production practices as animal cruelty by creating a state Livestock Care Standards Commission. The House Agriculture and Small Business Committee amended the bill as HB398  to make the commission advisory to the state Board of Agriculture, and to protect the ability of communities to control and abate nuisances arising from concentrated animal feedlot operations (CAFOs) and CAFO siting ordinances.
Care for Children with Autism: The General Assembly unanimously enacted HB 159 , which increases the amount of coverage health insurers must provide for autism spectrum disorders. The bill requires large-group and state employee insurance plans to provide coverage in the annual amount of $50,000 for children with autism from age 1 to 6 and up to $12,000 a year for older children with autism.
Labor and Workers’ Rights: Not much progress — or regress — was made on labor issues this year. Two pro-worker bills that passed included a job creation measure and a workers' compensation measure, including a Bid Preferences for Kentucky Contractors (SB 45 ) and Workers' Compensation Claim Guidance (HB 38 ), which updates existing workers' compensation legislation and requires workers' compensation guidelines to remain current with the most recent medical and scientific knowledge by continually updating the law's reference to the relevant AMA document as new editions are released.
Hospital Visitation Bill: A significant step for LGBTQ-friendly legislators and advocates was unanimous passage by the House of HB 118 . The bill would allow any adult hospital patient to designate another individual to be treated as a member of the patient's family with regard to visitation. The bill died in the Senate Judiciary committee, but the House’s vote was a strong statement in the face of HB 440  - a bill that would have legalized discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity (see below).
Notable Progressive Defeats Included:
- Payday Lending: HB 381  would have capped the interest rates that payday lenders can charge at 36% APR. Currently, these predatory lending establishments are permitted to charge $15 for each $100 loaned every two weeks — subjecting consumers to a 390% annual interest rate and making it all but impossible for many low-wage workers to escape the cycle of poverty and bad credit and subjecting them to endless harassment from collection agents. The bill was sent to the House Banking and Insurance Committee but did not receive a hearing. Legislators introduced this bill last year , but industry lobbyists were successful in making amendments  that took out the substantive consumer protections and replaced them with the creation of a database to help check cashing companies better track their compliance with the existing law.
- Clean Energy: Significant energy-related bills were introduced but that did not pass included a Renewable And Energy Efficiency Portfolio Bill (HB 3 ), which is expected to be reintroduced in the 2011 Session.
- Alternative Schools: HB 412  would have increased accountability and required data reporting for alternative schools. It passed the House Education Committee on February 24. Progress on the bill halted when an unrelated amendment was tacked onto it. Governor Beshear is considering adding it to the agenda for the upcoming special session.
- Early Childhood Education: HB 190  would have established a framework for expanding quality preschool for 3-and-4 year old children as funds became available. The bill passed the House 99-0 on March 3, but failed to pass the Senate.
- Restoration of Civil Rights: HB 70 , a bill restoring voting rights for people who have completed their sentences and parole for felony convictions passed the House of Representatives but died in the Senate
Notable Conservative Bills Defeated Included:
- Lifting The Nuclear Power Plant Ban: SB 26 , which would have eliminated the current state prohibition on construction of new nuclear plants until a permanent waste disposal site is approved, was defeated.
- Immigration: One significant win for progressive legislators was the defeat of HB 321 , an anti-immigrant bill. HB321 would have criminalized the hiring of undocumented workers by public agencies and their contractors, and it would have required those employers to participate in the federal e-Verify program.
- Entitlement to Discriminate Bill: HB 440  would have amended the constitution to enshrine discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity and to pre-empt local nondiscrimination laws. The proposed amendment would have allowed discrimination as long as a person or organization claims their action is based on “sincere religious belief.” The bill died in committee.
- Abortion Restrictions: SB 38  and HB 373  passed the Senate (32-4), but died in the House Health and Welfare Committee.
- Criminalizing Pregnancy and Substance Abuse: This bill (HB 136 ) would have criminalized the ingestion of controlled substances or alcohol by a woman while she was pregnant, based on the presence of such substances in the blood of the baby after birth. The bill died in committee without a hearing
Kentucky ACLU — 2010 General Assembly
Kentuckians for the Commonwealth — General Assembly Page
Kentucky Conservation Committee — Legislative Update
Kentucky Equality Federation — 2010 Legislative Update
Kentucky Fairness Alliance — Legislative Action Center
Kentucky Resources Council — 2010 Roundup
Kentucky Youth Advocates — “2010 General Assembly: How did Children and Families Fare?”