A new study  by the Pew Charitable Trusts finds that while many children do improve their income relative to their parents, the degree of upward mobility is usually limited and blacks experience dramatically less upward economic mobility than whites. The racial gap in economic mobility for the poorest families remains even when controlling for single- or two-parent families.
In The Challenges of Prisoner Reentry: Facts and Figures , the Urban Institute emphasizes the challenges faced by newly released prisoners, with less than a majority finding employment after release, lower wages for those who do find employment, little stability in housing, and high rates of rearrest.
Highlighting widespread disparities in health care by race and region, a new study, Disparities in Health and Health Care among Medicare Beneficiaries  commissioned by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, finds that many patients fail to receive treatments of proven benefit. One dramatic example highlighted is that the rate of leg amputation following diabetes and vascular diseases is four times greater in blacks than whites.
Addressing the roiling debate over use of ID cards, the Center for American Progress has released The ID Divide , a report that highlights both the misuse of ID laws to disenfranchise many low-income citizens and the social challenges, from opening a bank account to flying on an airplane, faced by anyone who lacks the documentation needed for a state ID. The report urges that any identification law be designed to promote key principles of real security, inclusion and fairness for all.