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Research Roundup

 

In a new report, Restoring Prosperity, the Brookings Institution highlights how states can contribute to revitalizing older industrial cities by capitalizing on existing assets like transit systems and universities.  By encouraging reinvestment in those assets to modernize them and encouraging retraining of residents, states can restore these cities as engines of regional economic growth.

How much does the US value children compared to other countries?  Not much according to Compensating for Birth and Adoption by the Urban Institute, which finds that whereas governments in most developed nations spend an average of 1.6 to 1.9 percent of GDP on family programs like family leave and health care for mothers and children, government spending on family expenditures in the United States is only 0.7% of GDP.

In The SCHIP Shortfall Crisis: Ramifications for Minority Children, the Center for American Progress warns that the lack of federal funding is leaving many states with shortfalls in paying for children's health care-- and that large portions of those left uninsured will be children of color if funding is not found.

In a new report, the Urban Institute highlights a number of programs designed to increase employment opportunities for low-income workers.  One key approach in many successful programs is to link programs targetting former and current TANF recipients with the broader population through partnerships with public and private sector organizations.

As universities work to patent and license their on-campus research, both to increase revenue and build job-creation strategies in surrounding communities, Stanford Professor Mark Lemley has written a paper highlighting the costs of aggressive university patenting in undermining technological innovation when they engage in exclusive licensing.  His paper argues that university policies should encourage the broadest social impact, not merely the maximum licensing revenue as their goal.  His paper follows on a similar study by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.