Blueprint: Creating Jobs and Strengthening the Middle Class

At a time when almost one out of every ten Americans is now unemployed, progressives have the opportunity to take the lead on Job Creation policy. This Dispatch will address Job Creation policy options featured in Progressive State Network’s 2011 Blueprint for Economic Security.  Now is the time for progressive to contrast the empty rhetoric of the right.  After sweeping to power in many states, conservative efforts at job creation are nowhere to be seen, at the same time that they refuse to even consider the critical investments needed to help put Americans back to work and rebuild prosperity in our states.

Thankfully, progressives have a different vision to offer: a green economy that will put Americans back to work by creating good jobs at home, setting our nation on a path to energy independence, and marking a new era of American innovation, production, and leadership.

While Americans continue to look for jobs, the economy itself has been growing for six quarters. Instead of creating jobs to put millions of Americans back to work, big banks and corporations continue to amass wealth at the taxpayers’ expense. As industries that once employed vast swaths of our population continue to disappear, and as other nations continue to move full speed ahead in the race to a new green economy, advancing policies that promote and invest in green jobs here at home is more critical than ever.  The demand is clear.  A recent Pew Research Center poll shows that 84 percent of respondents cite the job crisis as their top priority, significantly outpacing worries about the budget deficit and health care costs. Americans desperately want to see real investments in job creation, and they want to see it now.

As part of Progressive States Network’s Blueprint for Economic Security 2011, we have identified three common-sense, progressive solutions to create jobs and strengthen the middle class: Green Jobs Workforce Development programs, Energy Efficient Schools and Buildings, and innovative Financing Mechanisms that leverage public and private investment in clean energy and energy efficiency. These policy solutions are part of legislation that has been proven to create and sustain jobs, made our work and living environments healthier, and spurred economic growth for our communities, including options to provide financing without delving into state budgets.

The Clean Energy Economy: A Working Definition and Framework

The clean energy economy generates jobs and investments that expand clean energy production, increase energy efficiency, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, waste and pollution, and conserve water and other natural resources. Green jobs are mostly created through investments including: constructing wind farms creates jobs for sheet metal workers, machinists, and truck drivers; increasing buildings’ energy efficiency through retrofitting requires roofers, insulators, and building inspectors; and expanding mass transit systems employs civil engineers, electricians, and dispatchers.

With green jobs, the American people have the opportunity to be the leading workforce in the world in construction, manufacturing, installation, maintenance, and agriculture -- improving energy efficiency, building demand for our renewable energy businesses, finding alternative ways for transportation, and lessening our dependence on foreign fossil fuels.  

Why States Matter
The U.S. Senate’s failure in 2010 to pass comprehensive clean energy reform means that state legislation is our only chance to create sustainable, green jobs that remain in the United States. And we do not need to start from scratch. A majority of states have enacted some sort of green economy policy; the task at hand is to build upon this existing foundation, integrate efforts, and weave it all into a comprehensive clean energy economy package.  

In fact, states have historically taken the leading role in advancing green energy legislation in this country. California enacted clean car legislation that was later introduced at the federal level, and back in 1981 Iowa introduced the first renewable portfolio standard, which is likely to gain bipartisan support when it is introduced in the current Congressional session. It is thanks to states’ pioneering efforts that we have opportunities for a robust green energy economy that produces a larger share of jobs than other sectors.

A review of state efforts also shows that states invest more than the federal government in energy efficiency programs by a ratio of three to one. State legislators have the opportunity to again set the framework that will create jobs, reignite innovation and entrepreneurship, and rebuild prosperity for our states. If we are talking about securing our states’ economies, green jobs must be a critical part of the equation.

Countering opposition
Green jobs have outpaced the creation of other types of jobs by 8 percent. Clean energy standards can encourage job and economic growth: of the 18 states that have such standards, 11 of them (61 percent) have more jobs in the clean energy economy than the national average. And the green economy creates jobs for everyone across the education spectrum. Relative to spending on fossil fuels, clean-energy investments create 2.6 times more jobs for people with college degrees or above, 3 times more jobs for people with some college education, and 3.6 times more jobs for people with high school degrees or less.

And let’s not forget about the savings that result from the clean energy economy. In contrast with our European and Asian competitors, it takes the United States nearly twice the energy required to produce every dollar of economic output.  By advancing a green economy, we are creating jobs for today and tomorrow, being smarter about our spending, and making a healthier and more sustainable environment for our families.

Pew Clean Energy Economy, Exhibit 1

Green Jobs Workforce Development

The green economy is moving faster than other industries and the demand for skilled workers in key fields is expanding. However, there is a shortage of qualified workers in existing and emerging clean energy occupations. It is irresponsible that, with unemployment consistently near the double digits, we have available positions with no workers to fill them. The lack of a coordinated green workforce development pipeline has hampered the availability of trained and certified workers to meet the expansion of the green economy. We have to train these workers so that they can get jobs now, and we must ensure that every American worker obtains the 21st century skills needed to compete with our global counterparts.

The Solution: Green Job Workforce Development
Progressive States Network is committed to building a trained workforce that earns competitive wages, fosters new skills, and builds a career ladder. It is time for progressive legislation to meet the need for skilled workers for the 21st century labor market.  The following is a responsible framework for workforce development for a green economy.

Coordinate training to leverage resources.  Green Jobs Workforce Development legislation should leverage and align green investments to promote green careers’ technical education and pre-apprenticeship training. High schools, community colleges, community centers, youth councils, and apprenticeship programs are adequate settings for connecting disadvantaged adults and youth to careers.

Build career ladders.  Curricula and credential programs should be standardized in order to enhance the portability of training for workers and certainty of available skills so that workers can use these skills across sectors and states. To develop these standards, coordination between state and local governments and the private sector should take place so that we avoid a patchwork of state and regional workforce development programs. Legislation should encourage the development of curricula where the input of employers and labor unions is included to determine the relevant skills and competencies as well as the identification of career ladders. Career ladders (or “career pathways”) ensure that trained workers are not confined solely to one type of job, but can transfer their skills elsewhere. Where most effective, career pathways help transform institutions and organizations involved in education, employment and social services by strengthening cooperation to improve capacity to respond to the needs of workers and employers. As a result, the middle class is strengthened.

Enhance recruitment to include the underemployed.  Equally important to curricula is the level of recruitment for green jobs careers. Recruitment should place an emphasis on opportunities for veterans, minorities, the unemployed, ex-offenders, and other populations that face barriers to employment, and make training as accessible to them as possible, including linking adult and remedial education with occupational skills training.

Partner for data collection.  The coordination across sectors and states requires the availability of data to disseminate job opportunities for both employers and job-seekers. Important in this effort is a partnership with all stakeholders of the green economy: contractors, labor unions representing manufacturing, construction, services and other industries, constituency-based organizations, workforce development organizations, and training-related organizations.

Ensure stakeholder accountability.  Mechanisms should be designed to ensure that every stakeholder meets its end of the bargain. We need to make sure that contractors, workers, students, and educators are placed on an equal footing. As such, contracts or memorandums of understanding should be signed between employers, constituency-based organizations, labor, workers, and educators. Programs should ensure a trainee finds a job soon after the course, and obtains all the support services needed during his or her employment.

Institutionalize planning efforts.  And to integrate all of these efforts and interests, legislation should create a statewide workforce planning panel to reorganize workforce development resources. The panel should convene businesses and employers, labor organizations, industry associations, local and state workforce investment boards, education and training providers, elected officials, and others who will support the sharing of information, ideas, and challenges, as well as present concrete policy recommendations to address any issues. It is critical that data on the success of these efforts is continuously recorded and that this information be available to the public.

Why Workforce Development Legislation Is Needed

  • We need to make our workforce globally competitive: The United States only invests .04 percent of its Gross Domestic Product in job training, ranking 21st out of the 25 countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development -- and far behind countries like the United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Canada.
  • Green Jobs have grown significantly faster than total employment. Nationwide, overall jobs grew by 10 percent, compared to green job growth of 18 percent from 1995 to 2007.
  • Eighty-eight million adults currently in the workforce (57 percent) have low literacy, limited English proficiency or lack an educational credential past high school.
  • According to the National Skills Coalition, nearly half of all jobs in the labor market today (and for the foreseeable future) are middle-skill jobs requiring more education than high school but less than a four-year college degree.
  • A study of California’s clean energy businesses found that 71 percent had trouble recruiting employees with adequate skills and experience. A survey conducted by the National Association of Manufacturers corroborates these findings: 90 percent of respondents indicated a moderate to severe shortage of qualified skilled production employees such as machinists and technicians. The challenge will only get more severe as baby-boomers retire. In a recent power sector survey, nearly half of respondents said that more than 20 percent of their work force -- mostly skilled tradespeople -- would retire within the next five to seven years. Many of these current and future jobs require a significant amount of post-secondary education, but not a four-year degree. As articulated by Green For All, more than a challenge, this is a great opportunity for so many employed Americans to move into living wage jobs.

Messaging Strategies
Drew Westen, a prominent progressive messaging consultant, offers the following talking points to convey the need for workforce training development in the green economy:

  • “It’s time our major import was something other than oil and our major export was something other than American jobs.”
  • "We need to put hard-working Americans back to work, fix what’s broken and invest in prosperity and opportunity. We’ve got jobs that need to be done and people who want to do them.”
  • “If we had to choose between cutting the deficit or setting our nation on a path to energy independence and creating a new era of American innovation, manufacturing and leadership, I’d vote for energy independence.”

The National Skills Coalition suggests this message  to highlight the critical important of the green economy:

  • “We seek an America that grows its economy by investing in its people, so that every worker and every industry has the skills to compete and prosper.”

Other possible messages may include:

  • “We can only grow our economy when we invest in our people.”
  • “Workforce development efforts help tap the productivity of the American people.”

Policy Options
States across the country are introducing legislation to help build a workforce that will power their green economies:

  • One of the most thorough workforce development laws, Maine’s LD 1181 creates green energy job growth initiatives and targets populations with dislocated workers and veterans for training purposes. The law requires the Maine Jobs Council to create and oversee an industry or sector partnership that organizes key stakeholders in a targeted industry, including employers, labor unions, local workforce investment boards, and training providers into a working group that focuses on the human capital needs of a targeted industry. One of the most comprehensive models, this effort facilitates economies of scale by aggregating training and education for multiple employers. The law also addresses the challenges of connecting disadvantaged adults and youth to a career at the same time that it creates a strong white collar workforce through the identification of higher skilled, high-priority occupations.
  • New York’s A8901/S5888, the Green Jobs-Green New York Act, establishes clear pathways for training and jobs for the unemployed and displaced workers. The authority that administers the program enters into contracts with constituency-based organizations, workforce development organizations, labor organizations, and other training organizations. The types of training suggested by the Act include incremental occupational training for unemployed workers with good work histories, work-readiness and entry level technical training to individuals with weak work histories, training to lead to certification, and skills upgrading for incumbent workers. The law also requires certifications and accredidations from organizations that provide these training services.
  • Colorado’s HB 1333 creates the Green Jobs Colorado Training Program to ensure that future workforce supply can meet the increasing demand for green job skills in a new energy economy. To this end, it establishes a pilot program to offer grants to applicants that focuses on developing training programs, strategies, and curricula for occupations in the wind, solar, energy efficiency, and renewable energy industries. To receive these grants, submissions should at least use one of the following training methods: (1) certificate programs; (2) on-the-job training programs; (3) skill upgrading or retraining with a commitment by the employer or group of employers to hire a qualified individual; and/or (4) employment and training programs accredited by the Colorado Youth Corps. Priority is given to proposals that demonstrate a high likelihood of job offers to individuals that complete training programs and that target low-income populations and dislocated workers in declining industries.
  • Connecticut’s HB 5164 provides for new academic degrees and certification programs related to the green jobs industry. The legislation seeks to align post-secondary education and employment in the green industry through agreements between technical/vocational schools and public institutions to share equipment required for students participating in green jobs certificate or degree programs. It also supports efforts to develop career ladders and opportunities in the green technology industry.

Energy Efficient Schools and Buildings

Progressive States Network is committed to preserving a safe and healthy environment for our children, families, and workers while creating jobs and allowing for savings through energy efficiency and clean energy.

What are green buildings?
Green buildings focus on increasing the efficiency of resource use -- energy, water, and materials while reducing building impacts on health and the environment during the building’s life cycle through better design, construction, and operation.

Through the enactment of green building legislation, more than half of the states in our country have realized that we can build a strong workforce while saving costs for taxpayers. Building and operating green buildings promotes the responsible use of taxpayer dollars, minimizing energy and resource input costs, reducing waste,and generating significant financial savings that can be put to work for the public good. While opponents of green buildings and schools claim that their construction is more costly than regular buildings, studies show that there is not a major difference between the costs of constructing a green building versus non-green buildings.

Policy Options
Retrofitting and construction of energy efficient buildings results in the creation and retention of trained workers, while conserving energy. Our green buildings model legislation has been designed to highlight some of the best approaches to green building legislation to date in order to create sustainable, energy-efficient methods that save money and reduce negative environmental impacts. The gains achieved by our model legislation are multiple: creating and retaining jobs in the construction, manufacturing, and services industries; reducing our dependence on foreign fossil fuels; keeping our families and children healthy; cutting spending through energy savings; and improving our students’ performance.

Progressive States Network’s Green Buildings and Job Creation Model Legislation requires standards for public schools and buildings as well as retrofits, and promotes green standards for residential weatherization programs. Each state may have its own way of developing green building policy, and we recognize that one model bill cannot suit all needs. The model legislation we propose includes best practices from legislation around the country and suggestions from leading experts in the field. There are many opportunities in this legislation to replace language to reflect specific needs within your state.

Our Green Buildings and Schools model legislation requires that new building construction and changes to existing buildings meet nationally-recognized and performance-based standards. The weatherization and retrofits of existing buildings should start with energy audits to guarantee an effective process, followed by strict targeting of small geographic areas for defined numbers of initial retrofits so that contractors can understand and respond to demand, bundle retrofit projects in many homes for economies of scale, and develop local capacity.

The model bill seeks to ensure accountability through the establishment of a Stakeholder Accountability Board, an entity responsible for convening appointed representation from community groups, unions, contractors, utilities, state agencies, and others. The board is required to make reports available to the public for the purposes of evaluation and public education. Our model legislation recognizes that the success of the buildings will also depend on annual or routine inspection, with written reports on buildings and building systems for environmental and safety hazards. Along with the Blueprint’s proposed financing mechanisms, green building legislation should expand programs that offer free or heavily discounted weatherization and retrofits to low-income and middle-class households.

Why Green Buildings Matter

  • The buildings where we reside, study, and work account for about 40 percent of our total energy consumption and more than 70 percent of our electricity use, and this level of energy use costs the U.S. approximately $400 billion every year.
  • Green schools save an average of $70 per square foot over comparable conventional schools. They use 30-50 percent less energy, and use 30 percent less water.
  • Improving energy efficiency through green buildings leads to better working conditions, resulting in significantly increased worker productivity and retention. Green buildings improve student performance and reduce worker absenteeism. Recent studies confirm the link between the productivity of workers and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reports the medical and lost-productivity costs of workers breathing poor air amounts to tens of billions of dollars each year in the U.S. alone.
  • The National Small Business Association found that a 25 percent improvement in efficiency could save the average small business almost $5,000 per year on its energy bills. Additionally, the NSBA predicts that the small business sector could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 259 million tons each year if they improve their energy efficiency by 25 percent.
  • Increased efficiency in our homes and buildings makes both homeowners and the economy as a whole less vulnerable to fluctuations in energy prices, while advanced building materials and cutting-edge information technology for better building management represent fast-growing markets for American manufactured products.
  • A study cited by the Center for American Progress estimates that each year Americans waste $130 billion in energy that could be saved through simple investments in our homes, office buildings, and factories.
  • Every $1 million invested in efficiency retrofits generates eight to eleven on-site jobs. Further, job numbers rise if indirect economic effects are included.
  • By retrofitting buildings, owners can save 90 cents a square foot annually, on average, in energy and other costs and earn back their investment in 2 to 2 ½ years.
  • An upfront investment of 2 percent in green building design, on average, results in life cycle savings of 20 percent of the total construction costs -- more than ten times the initial investment.
  • Every time a government requires purchase of energy-efficient appliances or renewable energy and/or makes its new buildings compliant with green building standards, it encourages private industry to meet the same standards and supports those businesses that provide the relevant goods and services. Local producers of efficient appliances, recycled materials and renewable energy will benefit from increased demand

Messaging Strategies
Messaging for promoting green schools and buildings legislation includes should highlight the many benefits to state economies, from cost savings for taxpayers, to real job creation, to investing in the future:

  • “Let’s make sure we create good American jobs, wages, and benefits for a hard day’s work.”
  • “Investing in our schools is investing in our children and our future.”

Drew Westen also offers the following messaging as part of a broader progressive message on economic security:

  • “If we had to choose between cutting the deficit or setting our nation on a path to energy independence and creating a new era of American innovation, manufacturing, and leadership, I’d vote for energy independence.”
  • “We need to rebuild America, starting with fixing our crumbling homes and schools.”
  • “It’s time our major import was something other than oil and our major export was something other than American jobs.”
  • “The best way to reduce the deficit is to put Americans back to work. There are 15 million Americans who have lost their jobs through no fault of their own, and they’d be happy to build better homes for our families and schools for our children, and be paying taxes again instead of drawing on unemployment insurance.”
  • “It’s long past time we stopped paying billions of dollars every year in tax breaks to oil companies when we could be giving incentives to entrepreneurs to develop and manufacture clean, safe forms of energy like wind and solar. And it’s long past time we returned to the days when we were improving our education system, not tearing it down.”
  • “We need jobs and investments for 98 percent of Americans -- not giveaways for the top 2 percent.”

Legislative Momentum
In the 2011 Legislative Session, green buildings bills are making a comeback.  A bill in West Virginia has been introduced in both the House and the Senate, and with bi-partisan support, to create an energy efficient building act. Oregon and Maine are also introducing green schools legislation, and with bi-partisan support as well. And Hawaii, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Texas will vote on energy efficient building legislation this session.

Financing Mechanisms to Leverage Investment for Energy Efficiency Projects

In 2011, progressives in the states have a chance to set our nation on a path to energy independence and create a new era of American innovation, manufacturing, and leadership. We must establish the legislative platform that gives our small businesses the opportunity to develop and manufacture clean, safe forms of energy that create sustainable jobs.

Three financing mechanisms
Progressive States Network supports state-based efforts to accelerate the implementation of renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in programs such as (1) revolving loan funds; (2) on-utility bill financing; and (3) feed-in-tariffs:

Revolving Loan Funds (RLFs)
RLFs leverage public and private investment to finance clean energy projects. An RLF is a loan structure that allows a loan program to feed back into itself, creating a cycle that guarantees its sustainability. Once a program finds a funding source, it loans money to groups wishing to make energy improvements. They then receive the loan either directly from the loan fund, or from a leveraging third party. Next, they make payments on the loan, which go back into the original loan fund. Completing the circle, this repaid money can then be used to make another loan to a group wishing to make energy improvements.

As has happened in several states, revenues raised through regional greenhouse gas initiatives have proven an effective, easy, and sure way of stimulating clean energy investment. Twenty-three states are participating in three major regional initiatives seeking to increase renewable energy generation and reduce carbon pollution from power plants that cause global warming. The most famous of these agreements is the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative or RGGI, composed of 10 Northeastern states: New York, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, and Rhode Island. Along with RGGI, the Western Climate Initiative (WCI) has been created to reduce emissions across the region by 15 percent below 2005 levels by 2020. Seven US states (Arizona, California, Montana, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, and Washington) and four Canadian provinces are part of WCI. Also in the Midwest, six US states (Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin) and a Canadian province have joined to form the Midwest Greenhouse Gas Accord in order to reduce their emissions.

Pew Clean Energy Economy , Exhibit 16

On-utility bill financing
On-utility bill financing allows the recovery of upfront costs of retrofits by adding a small monthly charge to the homeowner’s utility bill. This mechanism is effective because it directly links energy savings to the repayment, provides homeowners with utility bill protection such as the ability to negotiate a late payment or enter into an alternative payment plan, and reassures lenders that they will get their investment paid back since utility bills have a good track record for repayment. On-utility bill financing is a rational and safe way to afford energy efficient measures for many struggling homeowners.

The loan follows the property, and not the person, as the retrofit becomes an obligation on the borrower’s utility bill. This type of financing is popular with retrofitters because the loan survives foreclosure or bankruptcy in the event of a forced property sale. This mechanism also allows for long-term repayment, which increases the likelihood that the monthly energy saved by the property owner will exceed the monthly debt of the loan. It also results in greater public participation and flexibility because homeowners do not need to take out a personal loan, or remain on the property until the loan is paid in full.

Feed-In Tariffs
Through a feed-in-tariff, a renewable energy business enters into a power purchase agreement where it gains the exclusive ability to install, maintain, and trouble-shoot the provision of a renewable energy to consumers who do not have to pay the upfront costs. This relationship guarantees that the installation can take place quickly, the service is predictable, and the rate is at parity with other retail electricity rates. Feed-in tariffs have played a role in the development of Germany’s world-leading solar power industry, and some of our states have followed suit. 

Policy Options

  • New York’s A8901/S5888 allows energy retrofits to be financed by a revolving loan program, administered by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA).  The initial funding comes from the auctioning of carbon emission credits, and is then used to leverage private and federal investments. With that funding, NYSERDA establishes a revolving loan program to provide up to $13,000 per residential customer to retrofit a home, and up to $26,000 to retrofit each qualifying business. NYSERDA also conducts energy audits, program administration, and credit enhancement for critical private sector capital investments. A side benefit of the program is that it expects to create 14,000 “green collar” jobs in construction and skilled labor.
  • In 2009, Illinois adopted legislation requiring utilities to conduct on-bill financing programs for residential customers., where the loan stays with the property owner.  The Illinois Commerce Commission is conducting hearings and meetings to finalize the program, and the state’s utilities are beginning to work with lenders to develop on-bill finance programs in response to the new legislation. An independent evaluation of the program will be conducted in 2012 to examine the benefits and energy savings resulting from implementation.
  • The Vermont feed-in tariff law was designed to ensure that homeowners or businesses receive the same return on equity for their investment. Vermont's legislation bases the tariffs on the cost of generation plus a reasonable profit. Vermont's feed-in tariff program contains the key elements of the successful policies found in Europe: tariffs are differentiated by technology and size; tariffs are set on the cost of generation plus profit; and profit is set by a reasonable rate of return, loan contracts terms, and a regular program review.

Messaging Strategies
Drew Westen offers the following messaging as part of a broader progressive message on economic security:

  • “Put hard-working Americans back to work fixing what’s broken and investing in prosperity and opportunity. We’ve got jobs that need to be done and people who want to do them. We need to build America …harnessing the clean, safe fuels we should be leading in the world in manufacturing, like wind turbines and solar cells.”
  • “If we had to choose between cutting the deficit or setting our nation on a path to energy independence and creating a new era of American innovation, manufacturing and leadership, I’d vote for energy independence.”
  • “It’s time our major import was something other than oil and our major export was something other than American jobs.”
  • “In this crisis lies an opportunity to change course and meet our energy needs in a way that costs much less, crates more jobs and reduces our impact on the environment.”

Full Resources from this Article

Blueprint: Creating Jobs and Strengthening the Middle Class

Center for American Progress – Improving Efforts to Help Unemployed Americans Find Jobs
The Pew Research Center for the People & the Press - Economy Dominates Public's Agenda, Dims Hopes for the Future

The Clean Energy Economy: A Working Definition and Framework

Why States Matter
Green for All - Greener Pathways: Jobs and Workforce Development in the Clean Energy Economy

Countering Opposition
Headwaters Economics – Clean Energy Leadership in the Rockies: Competitive Positioning in the Emerging Green Economy
The Pew Charitable Trusts – The Clean Energy Economy: Repowering Jobs, Businesses and Investments Across America
The Center for American Progress – Clean Energy Investment Creates Jobs in Every State: Fact Sheets for the 50 states and DC
The Center for American Progress – Efficiency Works: Creating Good Jobs and New Markets Through Energy Efficiency

Green Jobs Workforce Development

National Skills Coalition - Toward Ensuring America’s Workers and Industries the Skills to Compete
Headwaters Economics – Clean Energy Leadership in the Rockies: Competitive Positioning in the Emerging Green Economy
Centers of Excellence – Understanding the Green Jobs: Tools and Resources
Green for All - Greener Pathways: Jobs and Workforce Development in the Clean Energy Economy

Energy Efficient Schools and Buildings

Progressive States Action – Green Buildings and Job Creation Model Legislation
Environment America – Building Better: How High-Efficiency Buildings Will Save Money and Reduce Global Warming
Greg Kats – The Costs and Financial Benefits of Green Buildings: A Report to California’s Sustainable Building Task Force
Green Building.Com – Indoor Air Quality
The National Small Business Association – On-Bill Financing: Helping Small Business Reduce Emissions and Energy Use While Improving Profitability
The Center for American Progress – Efficiency Works: Creating Good Jobs and New Markets Through Energy Efficiency
Green for All - Greener Pathways: Jobs and Workforce Development in the Clean Energy Economy

Financing Mechanisms to Leverage Investment for Energy Efficiency Projects

The Pew Charitable Trusts – The Clean Energy Economy: Repowering Jobs, Businesses and Investments Across America

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